What is BSE or Bombay Stock Exchange?

The Bombay Stock Exchange also known as the BSE India is located on Dalal Street in Mumbai. It lists more than 5,000 companies and is counted among the largest stock exchanges in the world. Its overall market capitalization amounts to $1.7 trillion. In 1995, the BSE moved to an electronic system of trading from the open-floor system. Stocks, stock futures, stock options, index futures, and index options are all listed on this Exchange.



  • The BSE is managed by the Board of Directors who formulate its policy. Its daily operations are handled by a managing director.
  • The BSE acts as the regulator in the securities market by putting in place various monitoring and surveillance mechanisms.
  • It can pinpoint irregularities or discrepancies in stock prices.
  • The BSE provides counter-party risk management in all transactions across its trading platforms.
  • Salient features It is the first in India to introduce equity derivatives and launch a free float index.
  • Its systems and processes are designed to safeguard market integrity and enhance operational transparency.
  • The BSE is the first exchange in the country and the second globally to obtain an ISO 9001:2000 certification.
  • This is the first exchange in the country and second in the world to receive Information Security Management System Standard BS 7799-2-2002 certification for its unique BSE Online Trading System (BOLT)

What are the Common jargons of BSE

The BSE has a presence in over 400 cities and towns across the nation. Some commonly used terms in BSE are:

  • BSE Stock: The equity shares of various companies listed on the BSE Trading System (BOLT)
  • BSE Sensex: Originating from the term ‘sensitive index’ it refers to the direction of companies that are traded on the BSE. It reflects the rise and fall in stock prices of listed companies. It is also known as the BSE index.
  • Rally: This refers to the gains made by the Sensex during the course of a day. If it persists for a few days, it is known as a market rally.
  • Crash: It refers to the decline in value of the Sensex.