What is the difference between Options and Futures trading?

The main fundamental difference between options and futures lies in the obligations they put on their buyers and sellers. An option gives the buyer the right, but not the obligation to buy (or sell) a certain asset at a specific price at any time during the life of the contract. A futures contract gives the buyer the obligation to purchase a specific asset, and the seller to sell and deliver that asset at a specific future date, unless the holder's position is closed prior to expiration.

Enrich Broking: Future And Option Trading

Futures may be great for index and commodities trading, but options are the preferred securities for equities.

Aside from commissions, an investor can enter into a futures contract with no upfront cost whereas buying an options position does require the payment of a premium. Compared to the absence of upfront costs of futures, the option premium can be seen as the fee paid for the privilege of not being obligated to buy the underlying in the event of an adverse shift in prices. The premium is the maximum that a purchaser of an option can lose.

Another key difference between options and futures is the size of the underlying position. Generally, the underlying position is much larger for futures contracts, and the obligation to buy or sell this certain amount at a given price makes futures more risky for the inexperienced investor.

The final major difference between these two financial instruments is the way the gains are received by the parties. The gain on a option can be realized in the following three ways: exercising the option when it is deep in the money, going to the market and taking the opposite position, or waiting until expiry and collecting the difference between the asset price and the strike price. In contrast, gains on futures positions are automatically 'marked to market' daily, meaning the change in the value of the positions is attributed to the futures accounts of the parties at the end of every trading day - but a futures contract holder can realize gains also by going to the market and taking the opposite position.

Benefits of futures and options trading

Options Trading

Cost efficiency is one of the unique leveraging powers of options trading. The investor stands to gain additional amounts during sale and purchase transactions.

Options trading benefits amateur traders in precisely mimicking the final outcomes of stock market trends, making the whole process highly profitable.

Less financial commitment is one of the key differentiating features of options trading for beginners when compared to equity trading.

If you are averse to risk, it would be wise to invest your money in options. Options trading enables the trader to identify predetermined loss levels, which helps traders execute stock trades perfectly.

Futures Trading

Futures trading for beginners is a good way to make a swift amount of money. Due to the highly leveraged nature of futures, there is less chance of making losses.

Futures are a variant of financial contracts in which stock transactions can be conducted at a predetermined price and at a future date

Futures trading help traders to enhance the profits of day-traders even with low capital levels. The profits of traders in futures trading are ten times more when compared to equities trading.

Higher liquidity is visible in futures trading due to the increased presence of sellers and buyers. Fluctuations of prices are not frequently seen in futures trading.

How does future and option trading work?

Futures trading helps small-time investors make significant profits due to its fair and efficient nature. Futures trading aligns with the regulatory policies of the RBI, ensuring that there are no extreme losses and help the traders avoid bank traps and low credibility companies. Future contracts do not require the extra burden of record-keeping since everything is on the electronic record.

Options trading works by helping investors decrease risk exposure in the long term. The central principle in futures trading is that the investor is protected against wild price swings. One of the best option trading strategies is to engage in short selling. Traders should carry out new diligence and appropriate research before engaging in transactions in futures trading.

The futures and options trading work on the following key points

Based on the denominated currency of the trade

Mechanism of settlement of a trade, whether it is cash or physical delivery

Ability of the traders in carrying out the contract

Forward Contracts and Call Options

Forward contracts and call options are different financial instruments that allow two parties to purchase or sell assets at specified prices on future dates. Forward contracts and call options can be used to hedge assets or speculate on the future prices of assets.

Forward Contracts and Call Options

A call option gives the buy or holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy an asset at a predetermined price on or before a predetermined date, in the case of an American call option. The seller or writer of the call option is obligated to sell shares to the buyer if the buyer exercises his option or if the option expires in the money.

Does the seller (the writer) of an option determine the details of the option contract?

The quick answer is yes and no. It all depends on where the option is traded. An option contract is an agreement between the buyer and the seller of the contract to buy or sell an underlying asset at a certain price, amount and time. These are referred to as the strike price, the contract size and the expiration date, respectively. Options are sold in two places: on option exchanges and over the counter.

Option Exchanges

Option exchanges are similar to stock exchanges in that trade happens through a regulated organization, such as the Chicago Board Option Exchange (CBOE). Exchange-traded options at the basic level are standardized; this means that each option has a set standard underlying asset, quantity per contract, price scale and expiration date.

Flexible exchange options

options (FLEX) allow for customization of the contract specifics of exchange-traded options; they are most often written by a clearing house. There are also exchange-specified rules that must be followed when creating a FLEX option;

Frequently Asked Questions

Peak Margin-Enrich


Futures trading involve placing investments in commodity prices complemented with fluctuation risks. The key driver of conducting a good futures trading strategy is to align your investments according to the change in prices. A futures contract is a powerful financial instrument that is formed between the buyer and seller depending upon their capital levels and their choice of position- short or long. Derivative purchases can be indicated to a particular time and set at a future date. A trader can achieve profit or loss depending on the trade creation at a certain price depending on any relative movements in price changes. Speculators and hedgers are the key players in a futures trading contract.


To invest properly in futures and option trading, the first step is the proper selection of a broker. The next step is to select a charting platform conveniently provided by brokers and charting software. The subsequent step is to focus on an expert education provider like Enrich to enhance the knowledge base. The options trading strategies are a crucial component to do save purchases in futures and options. Traders should be watchful and avoid stressful and emotional trading, which results in a non-scientific skill set and can lead to gambling addiction. Before purchasing futures and options, the day traders should be equipped with cutting-edge tools to reduce commission charges.


Most of the trading traffic in Indian stock exchanges exists in the futures and options segment. A certain percentage of the total order value has to be placed by the trader to engage in a buy or sell position depending upon movements in stock futures. When an institutional investor wants to purchase a futures contract in the price range of Rs 5 lakhs, then there is a mandatory stipulation that 10% of that amount should be given to the broker in the liquid component, which amounts to Rs 50000. On the expiration of the contract, the trader engages in a sale proposition, after which the amount of profits or loss is calculated daily.


The sphere of futures options trading is open to all traders with an underlying asset at a predetermined price. Those buyers and sellers eligible to enter into a contract in the futures market can attain profits in a live market. Since the options can be expanded into call options, both the buyer and seller are equipped with the right without any obligation for conducting buying and selling. Those traders inclined to hold a start position in futures and options trading can achieve the maximum strike price. Optional settlement is offered by brokerage services to daytime traders to reach cash settlements in place of physical settlement.